grain full


Grain buds is one of the 24 solar terms and the second solar term in summer. Small full - it means that the seeds of summer crops begin to fill up, but they are not mature, just small full, not big full. Between May 20 and 22 every year, the sun is regarded as a little full when it reaches 60 ° of the Yellow meridian.

Xiaoman sanhou

In ancient China, Xiaoman was divided into three periods: "one is the show of bitter vegetables, two is the death of grass, and three is the arrival of autumn wheat." It means that after the small full solar term, bitter cabbage has luxuriant branches and leaves; After that, some grass with soft branches that like shade began to wither in the strong sun; In the last period of Xiaoman, the wheat begins to mature. "In the middle of April, when things are small and full, things are small and full." At this time, the grains of summer crops such as wheat in northern China have begun to be full, but they have not yet matured. They are about the late stage of milk ripening, so they are called Xiaoman. From the perspective of climate characteristics, from the Xiaoman solar term to the next grain in ear solar term, all parts of the country gradually enter summer, the temperature difference between the north and the south is further reduced, and the precipitation is further increased.

Xiaoman Meteorology

The main weather feature before and after Xiaoman is high temperature, high humidity and rainy. Therefore, it is very important to prevent heat and humidity. Pay attention to mildew prevention in food and clothing. In addition, before and after Xiaoman, the intersection of cold and warm is frequent, and strong convective weather also occurs from time to time. We should be particularly vigilant against rainstorms, strong winds, lightning and other weather. Generally speaking, if the cold air in the north can go deep into the south of China at this time, and the warm and humid air flow in the south is also strong, it is easy to cause rainstorms or heavy rainstorms in South China. Therefore, the later stage of the small full solar term is often the tense stage of flood control in these areas. In addition, during the Xiaoman solar term, Jiangnan is often full of rivers and lakes. If you are dissatisfied, you must encounter a dry and rainy year. The word "full" here does not mean that the crops are full of particles, but that there is more rain.

Xiaoman custom

Sacrifice to chariot God

Offering sacrifices to chariot gods is an ancient Xiaoman custom in some rural areas. In the related legend, the two chariots God is a white dragon. In the Xiaoman season, people put fish, incense and other items on the water wheel to worship. The most interesting thing is that there will be a cup of white water in the sacrifice. When worshipping, the white water will be poured into the field, which means blessing the flourishing of water and inkstone.

Silkworm sacrifice

It is said that Xiaoman is the birthday of the silkworm God, so there is a silkworm festival in Jiangsu and Zhejiang during the Xiaoman solar term. China's farming culture is typical of "men farming and women weaving". The raw materials of women's weaving are mainly cotton in the north and sericulture in the south. Silk is obtained by cocooning and silk drawing, so sericulture in rural areas of southern China is very prosperous, especially in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Silkworms are pampered "pets", which are difficult to feed. Temperature, humidity, cold, ripe, dry and wet mulberry leaves all affect the survival of silkworms. Because it is difficult to raise silkworms, silkworms were regarded as "natural objects" in ancient times. In order to pray for the forgiveness of "natural things" and a good harvest of silkworm breeding, people hold the silkworm praying festival in April.